Medication embolism

Author: ambulance doctor Deryushev A.N.

The term "embolism" means in medicine the pathological process of transferring the blood of various substrates (emboli), which normally do not occur there and can cause blockage of the vessel, and therefore lead to a violation of the blood supply to the tissue or the whole organ.

Pulmonary embolism

Author: ambulance doctor Deryushev A.N.

Thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery (PE) - a condition in which the lumen of the main trunk of the pulmonary artery or its branches is violated, which leads to a sharp decrease in blood flow in the lungs. The occlusion of this vessel is caused by thrombi from the veins of the lower extremities and from the deep veins of the small pelvic region (90% of cases), and a thrombus from the right heart is also possible.

Purulent wound on the leg

Author: doctor Derjushev A.N.

When a microbe enters the wound, a certain microflora is formed there, which determines the course of the wound process afterwards. Then everything will depend on what kind of microorganisms were wounded, as well as from the local and general immunity of a person, that is, on how much the body is able to resist infection.

Appear bruises on the legs

author: doctor Martynenko O.V.

A bruise, or called official hematoma medicine - is the accumulation of blood from the cavity or impregnation of soft tissues. Usually, hematomas appear after the damaging effect of any agent (physical, mechanical, chemical). With a traumatic effect on the tissue, a rupture of the blood vessels and the outflow of blood from them take place.

Panaritium toes

Author: doctor Derjushev A.N.

Panaritium is an acute purulent inflammation of the tissues of the finger. It occurs most often as a result of minor finger injuries in the home, or in the workplace, as a result of burrs or micro-injuries in pedicure. Predisposing factors are diabetes mellitus and chronic circulatory disorders. There are several types of panaricium. Consider them in order:

Wounding wound on the leg

Author: doctor Martynenko O.V.

Wounds were and remain one of the most pressing problems in medicine. There are many classifications of wounds, one of them is division into dry and wetting. The course of the wound process and its outcome depends on many factors: the mechanism of injury, the state of immunity, timely and qualitatively rendered first aid, and the presence of concomitant diseases.

Extensive heart attack

Author: ambulance doctor Deryushev A.N.

Myocardial infarction - acute oxygen starvation (hypoxia) of the heart muscle - myocardium, which occurs when the coronary vessel is blocked, that is, one of the blood vessels that supply the myocardium with blood rich in oxygen. This condition develops usually sharply, suddenly, but appears against a background of a long process of changes in the vascular wall. Similar changes are associated with the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, as a manifestation of the general process of atherosclerosis.

First aid for angina and myocardial infarction

Author: ambulance doctor Deryushev A.N.

Angina pectoris and myocardial infarction refer to such a common concept as ischemic heart disease. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is characterized by a mismatch between the intake of blood rich in oxygen to the cells of the myocardium and the oxygen demand for these cells. This lack of oxygen generates oxygen starvation (hypoxia), and then ischemia of cells and tissues. With a heart attack, this process ends with necrosis.

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