Inozemtsev Fyodor Ivanovich
Inozemtsev Fyodor Ivanovich entered the history of Russian public health, not only as an outstanding surgeon and doctor of medicine, but also as a reformer. The name of Feodor Ivanovich is associated with the first in the Russian Empire ethereal anesthesia carried out during an operation to remove a breast tumor. In addition, the development of methods for treating cholera, scientific works from the field of research of the autonomic nervous system is also associated with his surname.
But let's start with a brief biography.
Anamnesis of life and scientific activity
Date of birth: 12 February 1802;
Place of Birth: Belkino village in the Kaluga province;
Father Fyodor Ivanovich was the manager of the estate, according to one of the Persians or Turks, on the other - a native of the Caucasus.
Inozemtsev entered the medical faculty of Kharkov University in 1826, although he was delirious with medicine from an early age. After graduating from the medical faculty he continued his education in Dorpat, at the university of professors. In 1835, he returned to Russia. Some time after his return, he was appointed director of the Moscow surgical clinic. Since 1937 - the leading professor of the Department of Surgery, until 1859.
For two years, from 1939 to 1940, he visited the best clinics in Europe, and gained experience from leading European colleagues-surgeons.
Upon his return to Moscow, he made a tangible contribution to the formation of therapeutic and surgical clinics according to the Western model.
Inozemtsev Fyodor Ivanovich left a significant mark in the development of surgery and anesthesiology in Russia. The most significant achievements include:
Fedor Ivanovich Inozemtsev made a significant contribution to the development of medical science, having adopted all the best that he could gather from foreign colleagues. His activity gave a significant impetus to the development of surgical and anesthesia services in Russia.
author of the material: anesthesiologist Soldatenko V.P.
The significance of the works of Sergei Petrovich Botkin (1832-1889) for national and world medicine can not be overestimated. Literally everyone in our country at least several times heard this name, even if he himself is far from medicine and never addressed to doctors. After all, everyone heard about "Botkin's Disease" - hepatitis A, pathophysiology and the reasons for which were first described by Sergei Petrovich.
Pirogov Nikolai Ivanovich (1810-1881) - Russian surgeon, the founder of the atlas of topographic anatomy (anatomy of mutual disposition), the founder of Russian military surgery and anesthesia (the science of pain management).
Nikolai Ivanovich was born in Moscow. At the age of 14, he entered the Moscow State University for a medical faculty. At the age of 26 he was a doctor of medical sciences. After a while in St. Petersburg, he organized a hospital clinic, where he developed his own surgical methods of treatment, which led to amputation of the extremities rather than surgical techniques before him.
Sklifosovsky Nikolai Vasilyevich (1836-1904) - the founder of military surgery of the abdominal cavity, the director of the Imperial Institute in St. Petersburg.
Petr Ivanovich Dyakonov (1855-1908) is one of the outstanding surgeons in Russia. His activity in medicine was characterized by a wide range of interests and discoveries. He showed special interest in the development of topographic anatomy. Among the main contributions of Petr Ivanovich to this science, a special place is taken by the description of the squat space made by fiber.